|Tiger Sub-Species Overview/Index
While there is one species known as the tiger (panthera tigris), there have been a total of nine
subspecies divided by geographic range resulting in slight evolutionary variations in the form of size,
colour, stripe formation and fur length.
Three of these subspecies are confirmed as extinct. They are:
Bali Tiger (panthera tigris balica) which existed on the Indonesian Island of Bali.
Caspian Tiger (panthera tigris virgata) which ranged through Central Asiatic Russia, Afghanistan, Iran,
Iraq, Turkey, Mongolia as well as Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
Javan Tiger (panthera tigris sondaica) which lived on the island of Java in Indonesia.
The five confirmed existing subspecies are:
Amur Tiger (panthera tigris altaica) is found in Far Eastern Russia and possibly Northern China.
Bengal Tiger (panthera tigris tigris) ranges through Bhutan, Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
Indochinese Tiger (panthera tigris corbetti) lives in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and
possibly Southern China.
Malayan Tiger (panthera tigris jacksoni) exists in Malaysia.
Sumatran Tiger (panthera tigris sumatrae) is found on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
There is doubt about the status of:
South China Tiger (panthera tigris amoyensis) has had no recent sightings in the wild.
Tigers can exist in varied range of habitat. Please follow the links for more detail on each subspecies.
The official taxonomy of the tiger:
Subspecies: as above
|THE GREAT CATS OF ASIA
South China Tiger
Tiger Mythology & Culture
The Tiger Today
Why the Tiger must be protected
THE SNOW LEOPARD
THE CLOUDED LEOPARD
THE ASIATIC LION